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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
IndexCopernicus Value: 73.32

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1.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Oral Health-related Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Patients attending the Department of Public Health Dentistry of a Dental Hospital in Udaipur, India
Nandini Sen, Aritra Mandal, Nagesh Bhat, Kailash Asawa, Pratibha Sultane, Sakshi Chhabra, Shibam Chatterjee, Vaibhav Vashishtha
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:43-49] [No of Hits : 510]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0079 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: Oral health problems can be considered a public health setback due to its high prevalence and significant social impact. Hence, it is essential to combat oral diseases with preventive approach and focus on education and promotion.

Objective: To assess the oral hygiene-related knowledge, attitude, and practices among the patients visiting Department of Public Health Dentistry of a dental hospital in Udaipur city, Rajasthan, India.

Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among the patients visiting the Department of Public Health Dentistry at Pacific Dental College & Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. A total of 500 patients were selected by simple random sampling method. A self-constructed selfadministered questionnaire was used comprising questions regarding oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices. Descriptive statistics and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis.

Results: Among the study population, if dental decay is present, majority (44%) did not care if pain was absent. Merely 45.6% knew that tobacco causes oral cancer. A larger proportion of respondents (66%) did not know that oral health is related to systemic health. Majority (58.8%) used toothbrush and toothpaste and 52% had tongue cleaning habit. Rural population showed lesser frequency of toothbrushing in comparison to urban population, only 43.3% of them used toothbrush and toothpaste.

Conclusion: The knowledge and attitude of the study subjects about oral health were found to be nonsatisfactory, but the oral health practices seemed to be acceptable. The rural population requires attention in all the aspects of oral health maintenance. Oral health promotion programs are required to improve the current status of the population.

Keywords: Attitude, Knowledge, Oral hygiene, Rural, Urban.

How to cite this article: Sen N, Mandal A, Bhat N, Asawa K, Sultane P, Chhabra S, Chatterjee S, Vashishtha V. Oral Healthrelated Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Patients attending the Department of Public Health Dentistry of a Dental Hospital in Udaipur, India. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):43-49.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
An in-vitro Evaluation of Mechanical Properties and Surface Roughness of Bulk Fill vs Incremental Fill Resin Composites
Mohammed Muraybid Al Azmi, Mohamed I Hashem, Mansour K Assery, Mohamed Sayed Al Sayed
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:37-42] [No of Hits : 503]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0078 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate and compare the mechanical properties of two bulk fill resin composite materials (Tetric EvoCeram and Filtek Bulk Fill) and two incremental fill resin composites (Grandio and Filtek Z350 XT). The surface roughness and surface topographic analyses of these materials were also evaluated and compared.

Materials and methods: A total of 120 specimens (n = 20) were prepared from two bulk fill nanocomposite restorative materials and two incremental fill nanocomposite restorative materials to evaluate the mechanical properties [hardness (H), elastic modulus (E), compressive strength (S), flexural strength (Of), and surface roughness]. The hardness and elastic modulus were measured using nanoindenter equipped with a Berkovich diamond indenter. Compressive strength and flexural strength of each material were determined using a universal testing machine. The surface roughness of the materials was determined using atomic force microscopy. One-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey’s post hoc test was used to determine the statistical differences among groups at a significance of p < 0.05.

Results: The nanoindentation test showed that the Filtek Bulk Fill exhibited significantly high hardness values (0.67 ± 0.02 GPa) compared with other groups. The elastic modulus values ranged from 12.2 to 18.2 GPa, Tetric EvoCeram presented with lowest modulus values, and Filtek Bulk Fill presented with highest values. For compressive strength test results, the values varied from 186.20 MPa for Grandio to 245.13 MPa for Filtek Z350 XT. For flexural strength test results, the values varied from 110.00 MPa for Grandio to 132.61 MPa for Filtek Z350 XT. There was significant difference (p . 0.05) in measured flexural strength values among the bulk fill and incremental fill composite resin groups.

Conclusion: Each material showed excellent values for some tests, but none of the material showed excellent values of all the measured properties. Filtek Bulk Fill could be a feasible choice among the bulk fills.

Keywords: Bulkfill Composites, Nanoindentation, Surface Roughness.

How to cite this article: Al Azmi MM, Hashem MI, Assery MK, Al Sayed MS. An in-vitro Evaluation of Mechanical Properties and Surface Roughness of Bulk Fill vs Incremental Fill Resin Composites. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):37-42.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  CASE REPORTS
Periapical Granuloma
Anish Sebastian, Prasanth Panikar, Kasim Kota, Asika Sasi
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:35-37] [No of Hits : 6154]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0008 |

ABSTRACT

Periapical granuloma is a relatively common lesion or growth consisting of a proliferating mass of granulation tissue and bacteria that form in response to dead tissue in the pulp chamber of the tooth. The death of the pulp may be due to extensive decay, deep restorations, or trauma to the tooth. It is considered a reactive inflammatory process resulting from chronic irritation originating from the root canal system of the affected root. Periapical granuloma mainly consists of granulation tissue with alveolar bone loss and a large number of T lymphocytes and monocytes/macrophages together with a small number of B lymphocytes and polymorpho-nuclear leukocytes.

Keywords: Dental caries, Dental granuloma, Periapical granuloma.

How to cite this article: Sebastian A, Panikar P, Kota K, Sasi A. Periapical Granuloma. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(1):35-37.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  CASE REPORTS
Prosthetic Rehabilitation using Zygomaticomaxillary Buttress as a Graft for Placing Endosseous Implants
Sunil D Christopher, Satish M, Sheetal Kapse, Pooja Ramnani, Sanidhya Surana
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:45-48] [No of Hits : 1021]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0011 |

ABSTRACT

Loss of teeth due to periodontitis or trauma leaves behind some degree of residual alveolar bone defect. The deficiency of bone is one of the most common problems encountered during placement of endosseous implants. In such situations, it is necessary to augment deficient ridge so as to provide an ideal bone for better prosthetic foundation. Among all possible options present for augmentation, the autogenous bone graft still remains the “gold standard.” The aim of this article is to present a case treated successfully using zygomaticomaxillary buttress (ZMB) as a graft to augment deficient alveolar ridge and discuss the applications with support of literature in a 26-year-old male patient with a history of loss of teeth due to trauma in the region of anterior maxilla treated by placing endosseous implants along with bone graft for prosthetic rehabilitation.

Keywords: Alveolar ridge augmentation, Intraoral bone graft, Zygomaticomaxillary buttress.

How to cite this article: Christopher SD, Satish M, Kapase S, Ramnani P, Surana S. Prosthetic Rehabilitation using Zygomaticomaxillary Buttress as a Graft for Placing Endosseous Implants. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(1):45-48.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  Review Article
Probiotics and Periodontal Health
Deepa Shetty, Shreya Hegde, KS Sharath, Sheehan D’souza
[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volume:3 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:120-123] [No of Hits : 994]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0025 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Researchers have been keenly investigating the beneficial effects of probiotics on the human health since several decades focusing on the different types of mechanism, such as their ability to compete with pathogenic microorganisms for adhesion, to antagonize these pathogens, or to modulate the host’s immune response. This has led to a widespread use of probiotics in the management of systemic infections and disease. And lately, there has been a growing interest in the use of probiotics in the field of dentistry, particularly periodontics. This article reviews the recent data on the role of probiotics for the management of periodontal diseases.

Keywords: Periodontal disease, Periodontal health, Probiotic.

How to cite this article: Shetty D, Hegde S, Sharath KS, D’souza S. Probiotics and Periodontal Health. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(2):120-123.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  REVIEW ARTICLES
Oids: An Insight
Sarvani Murthy, KS Shilpa, Smitha Bydrahalli Raju, Manashvini S Patil, Kathik Kumar Raju, Neethupriya
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:67-78] [No of Hits : 917]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0017 |

ABSTRACT

The suffix “-oid,” which means “like” or “resembling,” comes from the Latin oides and Greek eides, which have the same meanings. An electronic database search for the words ending with the suffix -oid and its “significance” was made, and we came across various such words in the literature (oral pathology), which bears resemblance to its original counterpart. As the terms ending with the suffix -oid very often tend to be used in various diseases and conditions, it is important for the oral pathologist to be familiar with such terms.
This article provides a brief insight into the -oids words so as to aid in diagnosis and serves as a ready reckoner.

Keywords: Diagnosis, -Oids, Oral pathology, Reckoner, Resembling.

How to cite this article: Murthy S, Shilpa KS, Raju SB, Patil MS , Raju KK, Neethupriya. -Oids: An Insight. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(1):67-78.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  Review Article
Minimally Invasive Surgical Technique in Periodontal Therapy
Sanchit Jain, Sheetal Kapse, Gagan Madan, Shruti Bhatnagar, Kuldeep Sangha, Purva Kochar
[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volume:3 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:134-138] [No of Hits : 848]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0029 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Minimally invasive therapeutic approaches have become the standard of care for many medical procedures. Conventional periodontal surgical therapies involve extensive tissue reflection resulting in morbidity like thermal sensitivity, food impaction, and compromised esthetics. The clinical innovation in periodontal flap design and handling has radically changed surgical approach, which has allowed a drastic reduction in wound failure when compared to conventional flap approach. Thus, it stands to reason out that a reduced access to surgical sites or minimally invasive surgical approach for periodontal therapy would result in less morbidity for the patient. This review summarizes the available minimally invasive surgical approaches for the management of periodontal disease.

Keywords: Microsurgical approach, Minimally invasive periodontal therapy, Minimally invasive surgery, Modified minimally invasive surgical technique.

How to cite this article: Jain S, Kapse S, Madan G, Bhatnagar S, Sangha K, Kochar P. Minimally Invasive Surgical Technique in Periodontal Therapy. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(2):134-138.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  Review Article
Nickel Allergies in Orthodontic Treatment
KM Shukoor, Fawas Shaj, NN Shabeer, Jayanth Jayarajan
[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volume:3 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:143-146] [No of Hits : 839]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0031 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Nickel (Ni) is a common component in many orthodontic materials. The dental practitioner should be mindful of this allergy during the course of orthodontic treatment, and know how to diagnose a Ni allergy if it appears and subsequent action in treatment and referral if it is suspected. This paper provides a summary of Ni allergy, its epidemiology, diagnosis, and recommendations, and alternatives to treatment. A detailed description of two cases where it was discovered in orthodontic patients is also reported.

Keywords: Allergies, Alloys, Nickel ions, Orthodontic material.

How to cite this article: Shukoor KM, Shaj F, Shabeer NN, Jayarajan J. Nickel Allergies in Orthodontic Treatment. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(2):143-146.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Ortho-perio Interrelationships: An Overview
Anjali Kapoor, Lalita Singhal, Saloni Kapoor, Anirudh Kapoor
[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volume:3 ] [Number:3] [Pages:70] [Pages No:206-212] [No of Hits : 757]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0045 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Interaction between different specialties in dentistry are extremely important in establishing diagnosis and treatment planning. The interrelationship between orthodontics and periodontics often resembles symbiosis. In many cases, periodontal health is improved by orthodontic tooth movement, whereas orthodontic tooth movement is often facilitated by periodontal therapy. The orthodontic treatment is a double-action procedure, regarding the periodontal tissues. So it is of utmost importance to assess the need and outcome of interdisciplinary approach in different physiological, pathological or deliberate alterations in tooth positions to maintain harmonious periodontal and orthodontic relation.

Keywords: Cytokines, Mucogingival surgery, Osteoprotegerin, Periodontal ligament, Ridge augumentation.

How to cite this article: Kapoor A, Singhal L, Kapoor S, Kapoor A. Ortho-perio Interrelationships: An Overview. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(3):206-212.

 
10.  Review Article
Forensic Odontology: An Overview
M Madhuri, Sushma Pulivarthi, P Balaji, C Poornima, MB Sowbagya, G Poornima
[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volume:3 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:131-133] [No of Hits : 607]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0028 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Dentistry has much to offer law enforcement in the detection and solution of crime or in civil proceedings. Forensic odontology fieldwork requires an interdisciplinary knowledge of dental science. Most often, the role of the forensic odontology is to establish a person’s identity. Teeth, with their physiologic variations, pathology, and effects of treatment, record information that remains throughout life and beyond. The teeth may also be used as weapons and, under certain circumstances, may leave information about the identity of the biter. Forensic odontology has an important role in the recognition of abuse among persons of all ages. Dental professionals have a major role to play in keeping accurate dental records and providing all necessary information so that legal authorities may recognize malpractice, negligence, fraud or abuse, and identify unknown humans.

Keywords: Dental records, Dentists, Forensic odontology.

How to cite this article: Madhuri M, Pulivarthi S, Balaji P, Poornima C, Sowbagya MB, Poornima G. Forensic Odontology: An Overview. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(2):131-133.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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