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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
IndexCopernicus Value: 73.32

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1.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Oral Health-related Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Patients attending the Department of Public Health Dentistry of a Dental Hospital in Udaipur, India
Nandini Sen, Aritra Mandal, Nagesh Bhat, Kailash Asawa, Pratibha Sultane, Sakshi Chhabra, Shibam Chatterjee, Vaibhav Vashishtha
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:43-49] [No of Hits : 1012]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0079 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: Oral health problems can be considered a public health setback due to its high prevalence and significant social impact. Hence, it is essential to combat oral diseases with preventive approach and focus on education and promotion.

Objective: To assess the oral hygiene-related knowledge, attitude, and practices among the patients visiting Department of Public Health Dentistry of a dental hospital in Udaipur city, Rajasthan, India.

Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among the patients visiting the Department of Public Health Dentistry at Pacific Dental College & Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. A total of 500 patients were selected by simple random sampling method. A self-constructed selfadministered questionnaire was used comprising questions regarding oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices. Descriptive statistics and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis.

Results: Among the study population, if dental decay is present, majority (44%) did not care if pain was absent. Merely 45.6% knew that tobacco causes oral cancer. A larger proportion of respondents (66%) did not know that oral health is related to systemic health. Majority (58.8%) used toothbrush and toothpaste and 52% had tongue cleaning habit. Rural population showed lesser frequency of toothbrushing in comparison to urban population, only 43.3% of them used toothbrush and toothpaste.

Conclusion: The knowledge and attitude of the study subjects about oral health were found to be nonsatisfactory, but the oral health practices seemed to be acceptable. The rural population requires attention in all the aspects of oral health maintenance. Oral health promotion programs are required to improve the current status of the population.

Keywords: Attitude, Knowledge, Oral hygiene, Rural, Urban.

How to cite this article: Sen N, Mandal A, Bhat N, Asawa K, Sultane P, Chhabra S, Chatterjee S, Vashishtha V. Oral Healthrelated Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices among Patients attending the Department of Public Health Dentistry of a Dental Hospital in Udaipur, India. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):43-49.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
An in-vitro Evaluation of Mechanical Properties and Surface Roughness of Bulk Fill vs Incremental Fill Resin Composites
Mohammed Muraybid Al Azmi, Mohamed I Hashem, Mansour K Assery, Mohamed Sayed Al Sayed
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:37-42] [No of Hits : 741]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0078 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate and compare the mechanical properties of two bulk fill resin composite materials (Tetric EvoCeram and Filtek Bulk Fill) and two incremental fill resin composites (Grandio and Filtek Z350 XT). The surface roughness and surface topographic analyses of these materials were also evaluated and compared.

Materials and methods: A total of 120 specimens (n = 20) were prepared from two bulk fill nanocomposite restorative materials and two incremental fill nanocomposite restorative materials to evaluate the mechanical properties [hardness (H), elastic modulus (E), compressive strength (S), flexural strength (Of), and surface roughness]. The hardness and elastic modulus were measured using nanoindenter equipped with a Berkovich diamond indenter. Compressive strength and flexural strength of each material were determined using a universal testing machine. The surface roughness of the materials was determined using atomic force microscopy. One-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey’s post hoc test was used to determine the statistical differences among groups at a significance of p < 0.05.

Results: The nanoindentation test showed that the Filtek Bulk Fill exhibited significantly high hardness values (0.67 ± 0.02 GPa) compared with other groups. The elastic modulus values ranged from 12.2 to 18.2 GPa, Tetric EvoCeram presented with lowest modulus values, and Filtek Bulk Fill presented with highest values. For compressive strength test results, the values varied from 186.20 MPa for Grandio to 245.13 MPa for Filtek Z350 XT. For flexural strength test results, the values varied from 110.00 MPa for Grandio to 132.61 MPa for Filtek Z350 XT. There was significant difference (p . 0.05) in measured flexural strength values among the bulk fill and incremental fill composite resin groups.

Conclusion: Each material showed excellent values for some tests, but none of the material showed excellent values of all the measured properties. Filtek Bulk Fill could be a feasible choice among the bulk fills.

Keywords: Bulkfill Composites, Nanoindentation, Surface Roughness.

How to cite this article: Al Azmi MM, Hashem MI, Assery MK, Al Sayed MS. An in-vitro Evaluation of Mechanical Properties and Surface Roughness of Bulk Fill vs Incremental Fill Resin Composites. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):37-42.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Powered Toothbrush vs Manual Toothbrush: Generation X of Mechanical Plaque Control
J Avinash, Arpita Singh, Dhirendra K Singh
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:122-132] [No of Hits : 655]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0095 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The role of bacterial plaque in the etiology of periodontal disease has been extensively documented. The contribution of dental plaque to the etiology of gingival and periodontal desease is wellestablished. The increased plaque levels resulting due to inadequate plaque control, in turn, result in an evolution of a more pathogenic microflora. This transition in microflora composition induces a well-characterized host inflammation response of the marginal gingiva known as gingivitis, which is characterized by redness, gingival bleeding, edema, and gingival tenderness. It is now universally contended that prevention and inhibition of plaque accumulation on the tooth surfaces are likely to cause a major breakthrough to achieve optimum periodontal health.
Thus, regular removal of plaque both above and below the gingival margin should be of a major focus in the prevention and treatment of the disease. Regular removal of supragingival plaque has been shown to reduce counts of pathogenic species both supra and subgingivally. The primary intervention for removal of plaque and concomitant prevention of gingivitis for most people is a routine oral hygiene as delivered through toothbrushing. Although many toothbrushes, if used properly, can provide effective plaque control.
The electric toothbrush is both efficient and surprisingly appealing to patients. For these reasons, it has a definite use for some patients, such as individuals lacking fine motor skills, especially the handicapped and those who lack digital dexterity. Comparative studies are also available with regard to brushing techniques claiming significance of one over the other performed by both manual and powered toothbrush (PTB). The purpose of this review is to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and efficacy of the PTB for the removal of supragingival plaque and improving gingival health and to compare it with a regular manual toothbrush with help of the meta analysis of various previous original researches.

Keywords: Gingivtis, Manual toothbrush, Oral hygiene, Plaque control, Powered toothbrush.

How to cite this article: Avinash J, Singh A, Singh DK, Powered Toothbrush vs Manual Toothbrush: Generation X of Mechanical Plaque Control. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):122-132.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  MINI REVIEW
A Systematic Approach for Rehabilitation of Occlusion in Fixed Partial Denture
Rita Zarina, JL Jaini, Rajan S Raj
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:136-141] [No of Hits : 640]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0097 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Long-term success of a restoration is dependent on maintenance of harmony between the various components of stomatognathic system. The goal of any restorative treatment is to establish posterior occlusal contacts that stabilize the occlusion and to provide anterior guidance which will provide predictable amount of disocclusion during protrusive and lateral excursions. The clinician should have fundamental knowledge about the components of stomatognathic system, to restore the occlusion for the optimal functioning of stomatognathic system. Evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment planning should be carried out to decide whether the existing occlusion should be changed or not. If a reorganized approach is needed, it requires correction of the existing occlusion and the generation of a new occlusal scheme. This is quite challenging. It is not possible to propose a single protocol to treat every case. However, this article proposes certain guidelines which could be modified depending on existing occlusal condition of the patient.

Keywords: Fixed partial denture, Interferences, Occlusion, Rehabilitation.

How to cite this article: Zarina R, Jaini JL, Raj RS. A Systematic Approach for Rehabilitation of Occlusion in Fixed Partial Denture. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):136-141.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Nutrition Consideration and Oral Health Care for Edentulous Patients
Nikhil Abbad, Rajeev Srivastava, Akshay Dave, Vandana Jangid
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:59-63] [No of Hits : 578]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0082 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Enjoyment of food is regarded as an important aspect of living by mankind. To lead a healthy and active life, human beings need a broad range of nutrients. Nutritional deficiency, particularly of proteins, is very common in the elderly. A well-proportionate diet is essential from the beginning stages of life for complete growth, development, and maintenance of normal body functioning, physical activity, and health.
Dentistry for the elderly must be practiced with increased awareness of the biologic factors, since the adaptive mechanism and tissue regenerative potentials in the elderly patients are usually significantly lowered. Over 60% of the elderly are malnourished, and there are many causes for this malnutrition. Also, it is not always easy to differentiate the age-related causes from the pathological. Complete denture patients depend on the health and integrity of the denture-bearing tissue for their successful function and comfort. Hence, the elderly require a different approach, modified treatment planning, and knowledge of how the tissue changes associated with senescence affect oral health services. In this review article, a brief overview is presented about the diet and nutrition of geriatric patients, its importance, and clinical significance.

Keywords: Complete denture, Diet counselling, Edentulous, Geriatrics, Healthy.

How to cite this article: Abbad N, Srivastava R, Dave A, Jangid V. Nutrition Consideration and Oral Health Care for Edentulous Patients. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):59-63.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
In vitro Evaluation of Cyclic Fatigue Resistance of Reciprocating and Rotary Single-file System
P Nagarjuna, Panna Mangat, Charu Dayal, Anil K Tomer, Priyali Chauhan, Sandeep Rana, Vinay Goud
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:19-22] [No of Hits : 510]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0074 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: In vitro study evaluation of the cyclic fatigue resistance of reciprocating and rotary single-file system [Wave One Gold (WOG), Reciproc, Hyflex electrical discharge machining (EDM) file systems] utilizing cyclic fatigue testing device.

Materials and methods: Three nickel-titanium rotary systems (Hyflex EDM size #25, 0.06 taper and Reciproc and WOG size #25, 0.06 taper) were used in this study. Ten files were used in each file system, which are 25 mm long and tested with cyclic fatigue and torsional resistance tests.

Results: Each file was tested in the simulated root canal until instrument fracture occurred. Hyflex EDM has high mean and standard deviation of 116.23 ± 4.41, followed by WOG (64.85 ± 3.34) and Reciproc (35.28 ± 2.32).

Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, Hyflex EDM exhibited the greater cyclic fatigue resistance when compared with other rotary and reciprocating files.

Keywords: Cyclic fatigue resistance, Nickel-titanium rotary systems, Wave One gold.

How to cite this article: Nagarjuna P, Mangat P, Dayal C, Tomer AK, Chauhan P, Rana S, Goud V. In vitro Evaluation of Cyclic Fatigue Resistance of Reciprocating and Rotary Singlefile System. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(1):19-22.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  CASE REPORT
Esthetic and Functional Rehabilitation of moderately mutilated Dentition with Multidisciplinary Approach
Manawar Ahmad, Yahya MY Khubrani, Abdullah M Adawi, Abubakr AM Siddiq, Mosab AJ Hamzi, Al Muthana Ali Alhazmi, Ahmed MA Ghazwani, Hina Naim
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:153-158] [No of Hits : 508]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0100 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Treatment of patients with severely mutilated dentition is a challenging task for a dentist and needs specialized skills with multidisciplinary approach for treating a complex clinical situation. Multiple carious lesions, tilting and rotation of several teeth, grossly decayed teeth and loss of multiple teeth in the maxillary, and mandibular arch may lead to the severely mutilated dentition. Dentist doing oral rehabilitation of a severely mutilated dentition must be through and efficient with the principles of reconstruction as an architect who prepares detailed plans and specification for any building prior to construction. Careful treatment planning using fixed or removable prosthesis is required to manage such cases to get a favorable prognosis. A multidisciplinary approach is required to restore the severely mutilated dentition to achieve the freedom from all the dental diseases, to maintain the healthy periodontium, to stabilize the temporomandibular joints, to achieve a stable occlusion with optimum esthetics, and comfortable oral function.

Keywords: Diagnostic wax-up, Fiber post, Metal ceramic crown.

How to cite this article: Ahmad M, Khubrani YMY, Adawi AM, Siddiq AAM, Hamzi MAJ, Alhazmi AMA, Ghazwani AMA, Naim H. Esthetic and Functional Rehabilitation of moderately mutilated Dentition with Multidisciplinary Approach. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2017;4(2):153-158.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  CASE REPORTS
Periapical Granuloma
Anish Sebastian, Prasanth Panikar, Kasim Kota, Asika Sasi
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:35-37] [No of Hits : 8643]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0008 |

ABSTRACT

Periapical granuloma is a relatively common lesion or growth consisting of a proliferating mass of granulation tissue and bacteria that form in response to dead tissue in the pulp chamber of the tooth. The death of the pulp may be due to extensive decay, deep restorations, or trauma to the tooth. It is considered a reactive inflammatory process resulting from chronic irritation originating from the root canal system of the affected root. Periapical granuloma mainly consists of granulation tissue with alveolar bone loss and a large number of T lymphocytes and monocytes/macrophages together with a small number of B lymphocytes and polymorpho-nuclear leukocytes.

Keywords: Dental caries, Dental granuloma, Periapical granuloma.

How to cite this article: Sebastian A, Panikar P, Kota K, Sasi A. Periapical Granuloma. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(1):35-37.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  CASE REPORTS
Prosthetic Rehabilitation using Zygomaticomaxillary Buttress as a Graft for Placing Endosseous Implants
Sunil D Christopher, Satish M, Sheetal Kapse, Pooja Ramnani, Sanidhya Surana
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:45-48] [No of Hits : 1550]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0011 |

ABSTRACT

Loss of teeth due to periodontitis or trauma leaves behind some degree of residual alveolar bone defect. The deficiency of bone is one of the most common problems encountered during placement of endosseous implants. In such situations, it is necessary to augment deficient ridge so as to provide an ideal bone for better prosthetic foundation. Among all possible options present for augmentation, the autogenous bone graft still remains the “gold standard.” The aim of this article is to present a case treated successfully using zygomaticomaxillary buttress (ZMB) as a graft to augment deficient alveolar ridge and discuss the applications with support of literature in a 26-year-old male patient with a history of loss of teeth due to trauma in the region of anterior maxilla treated by placing endosseous implants along with bone graft for prosthetic rehabilitation.

Keywords: Alveolar ridge augmentation, Intraoral bone graft, Zygomaticomaxillary buttress.

How to cite this article: Christopher SD, Satish M, Kapase S, Ramnani P, Surana S. Prosthetic Rehabilitation using Zygomaticomaxillary Buttress as a Graft for Placing Endosseous Implants. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(1):45-48.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  Review Article
Probiotics and Periodontal Health
Deepa Shetty, Shreya Hegde, KS Sharath, Sheehan D’souza
[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volume:3 ] [Number:2] [Pages:81] [Pages No:120-123] [No of Hits : 1465]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10052-0025 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Researchers have been keenly investigating the beneficial effects of probiotics on the human health since several decades focusing on the different types of mechanism, such as their ability to compete with pathogenic microorganisms for adhesion, to antagonize these pathogens, or to modulate the host’s immune response. This has led to a widespread use of probiotics in the management of systemic infections and disease. And lately, there has been a growing interest in the use of probiotics in the field of dentistry, particularly periodontics. This article reviews the recent data on the role of probiotics for the management of periodontal diseases.

Keywords: Periodontal disease, Periodontal health, Probiotic.

How to cite this article: Shetty D, Hegde S, Sharath KS, D’souza S. Probiotics and Periodontal Health. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res 2016;3(2):120-123.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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